As a guitar teacher with decades of experience, I know how overwhelming it can be to make the switch to jazz guitar from acoustic. If you can understand the basic chords for Jazz guitar, the sky really is the limit for your mastery over this complex instrument.
Let’s get right into it and outline what a jazz guitar chord is and which ones you need to know about to become a pro on this musical instrument.
What is a Jazz Chord?
First, let’s explain that there is no such thing as a definitive jazz guitar chord. There are specific types of chords that jazz musicians and composers tend to use in their work. Most rock and pop music requires only three-note triads, on the other hand.
So, instead of just playing C, A, Bm, Dm with a m7 chord or two added to the mix, you’ll be doing extensions beyond those triads with four, six, and five-note chord shapes. Playing those same chords as Dm9, A7b12 etc., is the result of these triads. In other words, there aren’t any jazz chords that are specifically for jazz, but you would be using these as a guideline.
You may be new to these chords, but given enough time you’ll slowly begin to gain confidence using them. You’ll also start to pick out these extended chords as you play them over the course of your work with this instrument.
Chords You Need to Know
No matter what, you should know the following chords before you begin your work with jazz guitar:
• Major 7
• Minor 7
• Minor 9
• Dominant 9
• Diminished 7
These basic chords will help you gain a better foundation before you explore the more complex chords in jazz music.
Practicing Beginner Chords
Before you move on to practicing more complex chords, perfect your beginner chords. First, ensure that each note of the chord is clean and easily heard once strummed. Don’t be afraid to take things slowly at first to get comfortable with the new shape of your fingers on the fretboard.
Next, experiment with moving the chord up and down the fret board. This enables you to get a feel of how you’ll play later on, and helps you gain knowledge you previously didn’t have. You can also switch back and forth from different chords. Increase you speed slowly as you change chords. After you’ve done all this, bring together your new skills with a jazz standard that resonates with you.
Jazz guitar chords aren’t completely different from standard guitar chords, but they do require a different set of skills. When you practice your basic chords, you’ll begin to stretch your musical interests and eventually be competent in a new form of musical instrument. Embrace these chords and start practicing today. The sooner you begin to practice, the sooner you’ll master the jazz guitar.